Scilab is quite powerful in handling string variables. Taking into account that sooner …

The internal combustion engine is a heat engine. It’s working principle is based …

## The pressure-volume (pV) diagram and how work is produced in an ICE

State-space system representation lays the foundations for modern control theory. It solves many …

## How to get the state-space model of a dynamic system

Automotive industry deals with reciprocating engines, in which the piston has a linear motion within …

## Kinematic analysis of the ICE piston

Quite often we need to plot mathematical expressions or values, which are function of …

## How to format plot axes with Latex in Scilab

In order to characterize the basic performance of an internal combustion engine, over …

## Basic geometric parameters of the ICE’s piston and cylinder

A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) has two sources of power, an internal combustion …

## BMW’s iPerformance plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) powertrain architecture

The Energy Method provides an alternative way to determine the mathematical model (equations …

## Energy Method for modeling conservative dynamic systems

One of the most important concept in programming is the variable. The variable …

## Data types in C programming language

A dynamic system can be represented mathematically in various forms, such as: set …

## Dynamic system representation in configuration and matrix form

In control engineering and control theory the transfer function of a system is …

## How to find the transfer function of a system

In this tutorial we are going to perform a very detailed mathematical analysis …

## RL circuit – detailed mathematical analysis

A nonlinear function can be approximated with an linear function in a certain …

## Linearization – linear approximation of a nonlinear function

Real world applications electric circuits are, most of the time, quite complex and …

## Kirchhoff’s Current and Voltage Law (KCL and KVL) with Xcos example

The intention of this tutorial is to explain what an open or closed …

## Open loop vs. closed loop control systems (with Xcos simulations)

In the table below you can find the equivalent between the Simulink® and …

## Xcos vs. Simulink® – Logic and Bit Operations library conversion

In this modeling and simulation tutorial, we are going to analyze the dynamic …

## Simple engine and driveline modeling and simulation

In the table below you can find the equivalent between the Simulink® and …

## Xcos vs. Simulink® – Mathematical operations library conversion

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