In this article we are going to explore why a battery electric vehicle …

What drives forward R&D for vehicle and powertrain ? In the automotive industry, …

## Key aspects of the current and future automotive industry

This article is the first part from a series of articles / tutorials …

## Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle (MHEV) – introduction

Internal magnetic fields are present in all materials but with different intensity. In some …

## Modeling and simulation of nonlinear magnetic hysteresis

A simple way to encode a text message is to use the ASCII …

## Encoding and decoding text messages with Scilab

The Mean Effective Pressure (MEP) is a theoretical parameter used to measure the …

## What is the Mean Effective Pressure (MEP) of an engine ?

In Computer Engineering and in Systems with Microcontrollers areas of interest, performing bit …

## Bit shift and bit rotation algorithms with Scilab implementation

In the article How to calculate a definite integral we have seen how …

## How to solve a definite integral with Scilab

Scilab comes with a built-in function to define polynomials. The Scilab function for …

## How to define and solve polynomials in Scilab

In the tutorial Integration by parts – indefinite integrals we have seen how to …

## How to calculate a definite integral

Scilab is quite powerful in handling string variables. Taking into account that sooner …

## Mastering strings in Scilab

The internal combustion engine is a heat engine. It’s working principle is based …

## The pressure-volume (pV) diagram and how work is produced in an ICE

State-space system representation lays the foundations for modern control theory. It solves many …

## How to get the state-space model of a dynamic system

Automotive industry deals with reciprocating engines, in which the piston has a linear motion within …

## Kinematic analysis of the ICE piston

Quite often we need to plot mathematical expressions or values, which are function of …

## How to format plot axes with Latex in Scilab

In order to characterize the basic performance of an internal combustion engine, over …

## Basic geometric parameters of the ICE’s piston and cylinder

A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) has two sources of power, an internal combustion …

## BMW’s iPerformance plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) powertrain architecture

The Energy Method provides an alternative way to determine the mathematical model (equations …