Table of Contents Introduction Initial value of the gear ratio Final value of …

Discretization is the process through which a continuous system (function/equation) is converted into …

## Discretizing a transfer function from s-domain (continuous) to z-domain (discrete)

Testing is a very important step in the process of development a system, …

## Automation of Xcos models using Scilab

Table of Contents Definition Formula Example Scilab algorithm Calculator Definition In a previous …

## Bilinear interpolation

There are some electrical systems applications in which we have a low voltage …

## How a boost DC-DC converter works

A DC-DC converter is an electrical system (device) which converts direct current (DC) …

## What is a DC-DC converter ?

In this article we’ll give a brief introduction into what a low pass …

## What is a low pass filter used for ?

Table of Contents The basics of exponents Power of zero (0) rule Power …

## Exponents Cheat Sheet

Table of Contents Commutative property Associative property Distributive property Identity element Inverse element …

## Arithmetic Operations Cheat Sheet

Table of Contents Basic Properties & Facts Arithmetic Operations Exponent Properties Properties of …

## Algebra Cheat Sheet

Table of Contents Introduction Formula Interpolation example Extrapolation example Calculator Interpolation in embedded …

## Linear interpolation and extrapolation with calculator

This online simulator is based on the vehicle model described in the article …

## Vehicle acceleration and performance online calculator

Vehicle and wheel speed can be calculated as a function of engine speed, …

## How to calculate wheel and vehicle speed from engine speed

In this article we are going to explain how to calculate the centroid …

## How to calculate the centroid of an area

In this article we are going to create a random password generator, which …

## Random password generator with algorithm

In this article we are going to determine the mathematical model (set of …

## Modeling and simulation of an automotive suspension

The maximum torque and power generated by an internal combustion engine depends, among …

## How a mechanical centrifugal supercharger works

A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a vehicle which is using two sources …

## Types of Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV)

The word “hybrid” means a mix, blend between two different things. In the …

## What is a Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) ?

A vehicle’s tire must withstand forces and torques from several axes, depending on …

## Tire model for longitudinal forces

Table of Contents What is friction Friction force definition Friction coefficient Friction coefficient …

## How to calculate friction force

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