The vast majority of vehicles sold today are powered by internal combustion engines …

In order to produce mechanical power, an internal combustion engine (ICE) needs fuel …

## How turbocharging works

Internal combustion engines produce mechanical work (power) by burning fuel. During the combustion …

## Fuel conversion efficiency

A mathematical curve can be defined as a function y = f(x), where …

## How to plot parametric equations with Scilab

Mathematical modeling and simulation bring significant benefits in terms of understanding the braking …

## Anti-lock braking system (ABS) modeling and simulation (Xcos)

Internal combustion engines are known to have low efficiency. This is because most …

## Mechanical efficiency and friction mean effective pressure (FMEP)

Table of Contents Introduction Definition Diagram Formula Examples Resultant force of multiple forces …

## Resultant force

In most of the practical applications, related to trigonometry, we need to calculate …

## Law of sines and cosines

In engineering, simulations play a critical part in the design phase of any …

## Vehicle acceleration and maximum speed modeling and simulation

Any body is characterized by its mass. Because the mass of different particles …

## The mole and Avogadro’s number

Thermal expansion is a physical property of a substance (gas, liquid or solid) …

## How to calculate thermal expansion

The drivetrain (also called driveline) is the sum of components which are delivering …

## Drivetrain losses (efficiency)

Wheel torque can be calculated function of engine torque if the parameters and …

## How to calculate wheel torque from engine torque

The basic vehicle dynamics parameters calculations, like wheel torque or wheel speed, are …

## How to calculate wheel radius

In this article we are going to go through the most common powertrain …

## Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle (MHEV) – control functions

In this article we are going to use Scilab to perform logic operations …

## Logic gates and bitwise operations with Scilab

Logic operations also known as Boolean functions, part of Boolean algebra, are widely used in computer science, …

## Logical operations and boolean functions

Table of Contents Air fuel ratio definition Air fuel ratio formula Air fuel …

## Air fuel ratio

In this article (tutorial) we are going to discuss about the electrical architecture …

## Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle (MHEV) – electrical architecture

Table of Contents Definition Formula Example Calculator Definition For a thermal engine, the …

## Volumetric efficiency of an internal combustion engine

In control applications, embedded software and electronics, timers are widely used for events …

## Xcos tutorial – Modeling and simulation of a counter/timer

#### Ad Blocker Detected

Dear user, Our website provides free and high quality content by displaying ads to our visitors. Please support us by disabling your Ad blocker for our site. Thank you!